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Salient Features of Navodaya Vidyalayas

JNVST :- Entrance on the basis of Merit 

 Navodaya Vidyalayas draw their student strength from talented children, selected on the basis of a merit test, called the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test, designed, developed and conducted by NCERT initially and now, by the CBSE. The test is held annually on All India basis and at block and district levels. It is objective, class neutral and is so designed as to ensure that rural children are not at disadvantage.

• Reservation for Rural, S.C., S.T. and Girl Students

Admissions in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas primarily for children from the rural areas, with provision of 75% seats for rural children. Seats are reserved for children from the SC and ST communities in proportion to their population in the district but not less than the national average. 1/3 of the seats are for girl students. 3% of the seats are for disabled children.

• Co-educational Residential Schools with Free Education

Navodaya Vidyalayas offer free education to talented children from Class-VI to XII. Navodaya Vidyalayas are affiliated to the CBSE. Entry to a Navodaya Vidyalaya is in Class-VI only along with lateral entry into Class IX & XI. Each Navodaya Vidyalaya is a co-educational residential institution providing free boarding and lodging, expenses on uniforms, text books, stationery, to and from rail and bus fare. However, a nominal fee @ Rs. 200/- per month is charged from students of Class IX to XII for Vidyalaya Vikas Nidhi. The students belonging to SC, ST, categories, girls disabled students and children of the families below poverty line are exempted from this fee.

• Adherence to Three Language Formula

The Regional Language is generally the medium of instruction from Class-VI to VIII and from Class- IX onwards, it is English for Science and Mathematics and Hindi for Humanities subjects.

• Promotion of National Integration

Navodaya Vidyalayas aim at inculcating values of national integration through migration scheme though which the inter regional exchange of students between Hindi and Non-Hindi speaking States and vice-versa takes place for one academic year. Efforts are made to promote better understanding of the unity in diversity and cultural heritage through various activities.

• Location of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas

Navodaya Vidyalayas are located in rural areas across the country. The State Govt. is to offer cost free land and rent free temporary buildings for the setting up of a Navodaya Vidyalaya.


In Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, all out efforts are made to develop competencies among students in scholastic and non-scholastic areas of education which leads to effective personality development of each child. Indicated below in the comparison of average pass percentage of NVS that of other school systems like Kendriya Vidyalayas and independent schools wherein Navodayas average pass percentage is significantly higher than the national average of other schools affiliated to CBSE.

To provide a progressive and forward looking school system in the rural areas, the scheme provides for a reservation of 75% students from the rural areas. Reservation to SC, ST students is in proportion to their population subject to a minimum of national average of these categories. 33% seats are reserved for girl students. The percentage of students belonging to SC/ST categories, in the Navodaya Vidyalayas is well above the national norms (15% SC & 7.5% ST) Thus the JNVs are serving rural students, specially girls, SC & ST students in the excess of national average. This has also been appreciated by the Standing Committee of Parliament of the Ministry of Human Resource Development.


1. Providing quality education to the children.

2. Developing harmonious growth of the personality of the children through variety of co-curricular activities. 

3. Creating the environment to bring out the best among the teachers and students.

4. Adopt modern education techniques - external and internal accountability, effective  leadership, linkages with the local community.

5. Art in Education programmes to provide opportunities for students to inculcate nationalistic values through sharing and learning traditional skills and art with the help of renowned traditional artists. 

6. Built-in-mechanism of self-reliance, self-evaluation, character, rigour and discipline
     in academic pursuit. 

7. Freedom of experimentation and innovation.


1.Admission in Navodaya Vidyalayas are made at the level of Class-VI through a test conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) on all India basis. However, provision is also made for lateral entry of students in Class-IX & XI.

2. The medium of the test is in 20 Indian languages. It is non-verbal and objective in nature and is so designed that talented children from rural areas are able to compete without suffering from any disadvantage.

3. All the children who have studied and passed Class-V from any Govt. School/Govt. recognised School of that district and are between 9 and 13 years of age are eligible to appear in entrance test for Class-VI.


We envisage establishment of a Navodaya Vidyalaya in each district of the country. Started with two experimental schools in 1985-86. They have now grown up to 551 JNVs as on March, 2006 covering as many districts in 34 States/UTs with over 1.80 lakh students on rolls. The Samiti has its Headquarters at New Delhi and eight Regional Offices located at Bhopal, Chandigarh, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Patna, Pune and Shillong for the administration of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas under their jurisdiction.


The opening of a Navodaya Vidyalaya is based on the proposal received from the concerned State/UT along with the following:-

1. 30 acres of suitable land free of cost in relaxation to the extent of at least 10 acres on case to case basis.

 2. Sufficient space in the building and other infrastructure free of rent for at least three to four years which could accommodate 240 students and staff for running the Vidyalaya till the Samiti constructs its new building at the permanent site.